Chicago Police DepartmentSpecial Order S04-27
Human Trafficking
Issue Date:27 March 2014Effective Date:27 March 2014
Index Category:Preliminary Investigations
This directive:
  • A.defines human trafficking, including both "sex" trafficking and "labor" trafficking.
  • B.highlights the important role of district law enforcement and specialized units in recognizing possible human trafficking victims, especially in cases involving commercial sex.
  • C.introduces the Chicago Police Department Human Trafficking Team (HTT) with a  24-hour hot-line .
  • D.explains when to notify or consult with the HTT.
  • E.introduces two human-trafficking-related IUCR codes.
II.Human Trafficking
Human trafficking: Article 3 of the United Nations Protocol defines trafficking in persons to mean "the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud or deception, of the abuse of power, or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude, or the removal of organs."
III.Recognizing Human Trafficking
Individuals may be victims of both "sex" and "labor" trafficking. Human trafficking may be taking place in the following places or situations:
  • A.Human Trafficking - Commercial Sex Acts
    • 1.pornography, stripping, or exotic dancing;
    • 2.street prostitution and escort services;
    • 3.massage parlors, hotels, bars;
    • 4.sexual services publicized on the internet or in newspapers.
  • B.Human Trafficking - Involuntary Servitude
    • 1.businesses such as nail salons, home cleaning services, or "pay in cash" service providers;
    • 2.restaurants;
    • 3.landlord/tenant situations;
    • domestic workers;
    • 5.domestic disturbance calls which may reveal a situation of involuntary servitude.
    Victims of involuntary servitude may be reluctant to come forward due to issues of language, culture, or immigration status.
IV.CPD Human Trafficking Team (HTT)
The Human Trafficking Team (HTT), Vice and Asset Forfeiture Division, investigates all violations of state and federal anti-human-trafficking laws with an emphasis on sex trafficking and minor sex trafficking/child prostitution. The goal of the HTT is to arrest the trafficker (i.e., "pimp") that is profiting by employing force, fraud, or coercion to keep a person engaging in prostitution.
V.Human Trafficking in cases of prostitution
Although human trafficking of labor does take place, the most likely contact that district law enforcement will have with human trafficking victims involves an arrest for prostitution. Members should listen carefully to what the arrestee is relating, and if human trafficking is suspected, contact the HTT.
  • A. Adult arrested for prostitution
    As well as being an offender, an adult arrested for prostitution may also be a victim of human trafficking if fraud, deception, force, coercion, or control is employed to keep such a person in prostitution. The "pimp," or human trafficker, may be subject to felony state and federal anti-human trafficking charges if arrested.
  • B.Juvenile taken into temporary protective custody for prostitution
    Under the Illinois Safe Children Act, juveniles under the age of 18 (not yet reached the age of 18) taken into protective custody for prostitution may or may not be a victim of human trafficking, but are presumed to be abused or neglected, are immune from criminal prosecution for the offense of prostitution, and must be placed in the child protection system instead of the criminal justice system. The officer will:
    • 1.prepare an arrest report and a case report based upon the offense that brought the juvenile into temporary protective custody (i.e., soliciting or prostitution).
    • 2.notify  the HTT which will send a member to interview the juvenile and conduct a follow-up investigation.
    • 3.notify DCFS which will conduct an investigation within 24 hours.
  • C.Minors taken into protective custody for prostitution are immune from prosecution for the offense of prostitution only and will be processed for any other committed offenses.
  • D.Only after having been interviewed by a member of the Human Trafficking Team will the juvenile be released without charging.
    The HTT will be notified of all juveniles under 18 years of age taken into protective custody for prostitution. If a Department member encounters and takes temporary protective custody of a minor (under 18 years of age) involved in any commercial sex act, in addition to the provisions outlined in the Department directive entitled "Processing of Juveniles And Minors Under Department Control" a notification will be made to the HTT  24-hour hot-line . An HTT member will respond within approximately one hour for a follow up investigation.
VI.Notification to the HTT
Members will notify the HTT at the  24-hour hot-line upon:
  • A.taking temporary protective custody of a minor (under 18 years of age) for a commercial sex act.
  • B.the completion of a Human Trafficking case report.
  • C.complaints or an observation of human trafficking (or possible human trafficking).
  • D.the arrest or recovery of a victim (or a possible victim) of human trafficking.
  • E.the arrest of a trafficker (or possible trafficker).
    Officers may consult with a member of the HTT to discuss the veracity of a suspected human trafficking case. A message for the HTT can be left at the  24-hour hot-line and a member will return the call within approximately one hour.
VII.Human Trafficking IUCR codes
Based upon the United States Congress definition and classification of human trafficking into two categories, sex trafficking and labor trafficking, the IUCR codes are:
  • A.Human Trafficking - Commercial Sex Acts, IUCR Code 1050 - Inducing a person by force, fraud, or coercion to participate in commercial sex acts, or in which the person induced to perform such act(s) has not attained 18 years of age. Commercial sex acts may be exchanged for anything of value - it is not limited to the exchange of money.
  • B.Human Trafficking - Involuntary Servitude, IUCR Code 1055 - Knowingly subjects, attempts to subject, or engages in a conspiracy to subject another person to labor or services obtained or maintained through any of the following means, or combination of these means:
    • 1.physical harm or threat;
    • 2.physical restraint or threat;
    • 3.abuse of the law or legal process, or threat;
    • 4.knowingly destroys, conceals, removes, confiscates, or possesses any actual or purported government identification document, or any other actual or purported passport government identification document of another person;
    • 5.intimidation or financial control over another person;
    • 6.uses any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to cause the person to believe that, if the person did not perform the labor or services that he or she, or another person would suffer serious harm or physical restraint.
Authenticated by: JKH
Garry F. McCarthy
Superintendent of Police
13-171 SB
Human Trafficking Team (HTT) 24 - Hour Hotline
PAX 4300 - Bureau of Organized Crime - 24 Hour Desk
Human Trafficking Team (HTT) 24 - Hour Hotline
PAX 4300 - Bureau of Organized Crime - 24 Hour Desk
Human Trafficking Team (HTT) 24 - Hour Hotline
PAX 4300 - Bureau of Organized Crime - 24 Hour Desk
Human Trafficking Team (HTT) 24 - Hour Hotline
PAX 4300 - Bureau of Organized Crime - 24 Hour Desk
Human Trafficking Team (HTT) 24 - Hour Hotline
PAX 4300 - Bureau of Organized Crime - 24 Hour Desk