Chicago Police DepartmentGeneral Order G05-04
Hazardous Material (HAZ-MAT) Incidents
Issue Date:26 June 2019Effective Date:26 June 2019
Rescinds:07 December 2016 Version
Index Category:Extraordinary Responses
I.Purpose
This directive sets forth:
  • A.the Department's response procedures for haz-mat incidents in compliance with 29 Code of Federal Regulations 1910.120.
  • B.terminology and classification information relative to haz-mat incidents .
  • C.responsibilities at haz-mat incidents .
  • D.immediate procedures to be followed at haz-mat incidents .
  • E.responsibilities of the Office of Emergency Management and Communications (OEMC) for haz-mat incidents .
  • F.responsibilities of the Chicago Fire Department (CFD) at haz-mat incidents .
  • G.reporting procedures for haz-mat incidents .
  • H.investigatory responsibilities at haz-mat incidents .
  • I.post exposure procedures for hazardous materials.
  • J.reporting requirements for facilities handling hazardous materials.
  • K.satisfies CALEA Law Enforcement Chapter 46.
II.Policy
  • A.Sworn members will not unreasonably endanger themselves or another to conform to the procedures in this directive.
  • B.The Chicago Fire Department is the primary agency and has the ultimate responsibility in a haz-mat incident not involving an active human-caused hazard and or an active criminal threat. The Chicago Police Department (CPD) will assist the Chicago Fire Department at all haz-mat incidents .
  • C.The Incident Commander will be the highest-ranking on-site Department member responsible for CPD's overall response to a haz-mat incident . During a haz-mat incident, the Incident Commander will coordinate with the ranking on-site CFD supervisor and the Office of Emergency Management and Communications for incident response and mitigation efforts.
  • D.If a haz-mat incident occurs involving an active human-caused hazard or an active criminal threat, the Chicago Police Department will be the City department with full threat mitigation and investigative authority until relieved by the appropriate state or federal agency. When possible, the Bomb Squad and/or SWAT personnel will coordinate with the Incident Commander for incident response. For additional investigatory responsibilities, Department members will refer to Item IX of this directive.
    EXAMPLE:
    Human-caused hazards may include terrorists acts, civil disturbances, or active shooter/school violence incidents.
  • E.When the ranking on-site CFD supervisor declares that a level II haz-mat incident exists, the Critical Incident Response Program will be invoked. Upon implementation of the Critical Incident Response Program for a haz-mat incident , Department members will follow any applicable procedures delineated in the Department directive entitled "Critical Incident Response Program" and this directive.
  • F.When a haz-mat incident is determined to be a criminal incident and the Critical Incident Response Program does not need to be implemented, Department members will follow any applicable procedures for the type of incident and this directive.
  • G.If Department members are utilizing radiation detection equipment to investigate or mitigate a possible haz-mat incident , Department members will follow the procedures delineated in the Department directive entitled "Radiation Detectors" and this directive.
  • H.As soon as it becomes apparent, any conflict of opinion between the Incident Commander and the ranking on-site CFD supervisor will be addressed through respective chains of command for resolution.
III.Terminology and Classification
  • A.The ranking on-site CFD supervisor of a haz-mat incident will exercise overall command of the incident when the incident does not involve an active human-caused hazard or an active criminal threat.
  • B.A hazardous material is a substance in quantity and form which may pose an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property and which has been officially designated a hazardous material pursuant to the "Hazardous Materials Transportation Act" (49 U.S.C. 5101).
  • C.There are three systems for the identification of hazardous materials. The first is the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704M sign, which may be used at fixed-site buildings and storage tanks. The second is the Hazardous Material Information System (HMIS) which may be used on storage vessels and containers. The third system is the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) system, which is used during the transportation of hazardous materials by highway, rail, air, and vessel.
  • D.NFPA and HMIS Systems
    The NFPA and HMIS systems use numbers and colors to identify and rate risks. There are four categories and five levels of risk. They are:
    • 1.health hazard (BLUE COLOR)
      • a.Level 0 — normal material
      • b.Level 1 — slightly hazardous
      • c.Level 2 — hazardous
      • d.Level 3 — extreme danger
      • e.Level 4 — deadly
    • 2.fire hazard (RED COLOR)
      • a.Level 0 — will not burn
      • b.Level 1 — must be preheated to burn (flash point above 200° F)
      • c.Level 2 — ignites when moderately heated (flash point: between 100° F and 200° F)
      • d.Level 3 — ignites at normal temperatures (flash point: below 100° F)
      • e.Level 4 — extremely flammable (flash point: below 73° F)
    • 3.reactivity (YELLOW COLOR)
      • a.Level 0 — stable
      • b.Level 1 — unstable if heated
      • c.Level 2 — violent chemical change
      • d.Level 3 — shock and heat may detonate
      • e.Level 4 — may detonate
    • 4.specific hazard (WHITE COLOR)
  • E.DOT System
    • 1.Several thousand substances have been officially classified as hazardous materials, each of these materials has been assigned:
      • a.a unique 4-digit hazard identification number known as the United Nations (UN)/North American (NA) number; and
      • b.a classification number. There are nine classifications for hazardous materials. They are:
        • (1)Class 1 — Explosives
        • (2)Class 2 — Gases
        • (3)Class 3 — Flammable and Combustible Liquids
        • (4)Class 4 — Flammable Solids
        • (5)Class 5 — Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides
        • (6)Class 6 — Poisons
        • (7)Class 7 — Radioactive Materials
        • (8)Class 8 — Corrosives
        • (9)Class 9 — Other Regulated Material
    • 2.A placard must be displayed on hazardous material shipments exceeding 1,000 pounds or 500 gallons.
      • a.The UN/NA number may be displayed in the center of the placard.
      • b.The classification number will be displayed in the bottom center of the placard.
      • c.The Dangerous placard may be displayed in lieu of individual placards whenever two or more classes of hazardous material are shipped together.
    • 3.Information regarding a hazardous material in transit is available from the shipping papers. Shipping papers outline the:
      • a.name
      • b.classification number,
      • c.UN/NA number, and
      • d.emergency notification phone numbers.
    • 4.Shipping papers may be found in:
      • a.the cab of a motor vehicle;
      • b.the possession of a train crew member;
      • c.a holder on the bridge of a vessel; or
      • d.an aircraft pilot's possession.
IV.Responsibilities at Hazardous Materials Incidents
  • A.The assigned member(s) responding to or encountering a potential hazardous materials incident will:
    • 1.EVALUATE, and
    • 2.ISOLATE.
  • B.The Office of Emergency Management and Communications (OEMC) will COORDINATE.
  • C.The Fire Department will:
    • 1.further ISOLATE,
    • 2.IDENTIFY,
    • 3.NOTIFY,
    • 4.MITIGATE,
    • 5.EVACUATE, if necessary and
    • 6.TERMINATE.
  • D.Following mitigation, the assigned member(s) will INVESTIGATE.
V.Immediate Procedures
  • A.The Incident Commander will assume command of police operations at all haz-mat incidents ; however, the first member(s) on the scene of a haz-mat incident will take charge until relieved by a member of higher rank. The Incident Commander will:
    • 1.EVALUATE the extent of the emergency situation. Continuing reassessment will be required since there may be a change in circumstances. The member(s) will:
      • a.approach the scene cautiously and refrain from rushing in;
      • b.consider all unknown materials as hazardous;
      • c.request response of the Fire Department's Hazardous Incident Team;
      • d.request additional manpower and equipment as needed;
      • e.initiate an Immediate Emergency Plan, if warranted;
      • f.determine wind direction and relay this information to responding units. Responding units will attempt to approach the scene from the upwind side.
        NOTE:
        Department members can obtain wind direction from OEMC.
      • g.provide access to the scene for responding emergency vehicles;
      • h.attempt to identify the hazardous material without entering the immediate danger area, and if possible:
        • (1)ascertain the DOT classification and UN/NA numbers or the NFPA risk numbers and convey this information to OEMC.
        • (2)identify members of the community with potentially relevant information and ensure that they remain on the scene for debriefing and consultation with Fire Department Personnel.
      • i.upon arrival of the Fire Department:
        • (1)report to the Fire Department's Command Van, if applicable, and confer with the ranking on-site CFD supervisor.
          NOTE:
          The Fire Department's Command Van will not respond to level 1 haz-mat incidents . For these instances, the appropriate Chicago Fire Department battalion chief will be the ranking on-site CFD supervisor.
        • (2)establish an incident command post adjacent to the Fire Department's command post. The Department's Mobile Command Van may be activated, if advantageous, via the Street Deputy.
        • (3)establish a mobilization area adjacent to the Fire Department's staging area.
    • 2.ISOLATE the area and establish an outer perimeter (cold zone).
      • a.The outer perimeter will encompass the geographical area which has the potential for contamination. The outer perimeter will, at MINIMUM, extend approximately:
        • (1)1,000 feet in an open area;
        • (2)one block in:
          • (a)a residential area or
          • (b)a light commercial area;
        • (3)500 feet in:
          • (a)large complexes or
          • (b)when the incident is hidden in a large building.
      • b.The outer perimeter will be adjusted to conform with conditions on the scene or hazard information derived from the:
        • (1)Law Enforcement Agency Data System (LEADS), or
        • (2)U.S. Department of Transportation's Emergency Response Guidebook, or
        • (3)orders of the ranking on-site CFD supervisor.
      • c.Personnel will be deployed in a manner to ISOLATE the area and prevent persons from entering the outer perimeter .
      • d.The Fire Department will have initial responsibility for securing the downwind side of the perimeter. The Police Department will assume responsibility for the downwind side when the ranking on-site CFD supervisor has determined that such actions will not jeopardize the health and safety of Department members.
      • e.Vehicles will be positioned in a manner to facilitate a swift escape from the scene.
  • B.Members on the scene of a hazardous materials incident WILL NOT:
    • 1.enter a smoke or vapor area.
    • 2.assume that gases and vapors are harmless because they are odorless.
    • 3.walk in or touch any hazardous material or container.
    • 4.drive through any spill or hazardous material.
      WARNING:
      Vehicles may act as an ignition source.
    • 5.utilize flares within the inner or outer perimeter unless expressly authorized by the ranking on-site CFD supervisor.
    • 6.perform functions for which the member has not been adequately trained or equipped.
    • 7.attempt to rescue persons without appropriate protective equipment.
      WARNING:
      Department gas masks offer protection from tear gas and WILL NOT offer adequate protection from hazardous materials.
    • 8.transport any injured person from the scene prior to decontamination by the Fire Department.
      WARNING:
      Contaminated persons may cross-contaminate vehicles and facilities. Cross-contamination could paralyze a hospital emergency room. Members will attempt to isolate contaminated persons pending arrival of the Fire Department.
    • 9.eat, drink, or smoke near the scene.
VI.OEMC Responsibilities
  • A.OEMC will COORDINATE the Department's response to hazardous materials incidents . Upon receiving notification of a potential hazardous materials incident, OEMC will:
    • 1.assign a field unit;
    • 2.assign a supervisor;
    • 3.designate a communications car;
    • 4.obtain the following information:
      • a.the precise location of the incident,
      • b.the extent of injuries on the scene,
      • c.the type of incident (leakage, spillage, or intentional release),
      • d.wind direction,
      • e.whether an Immediate Emergency Plan is to be implemented,
      • f.the DOT classification and UN/NA numbers or the NFPA risk numbers, when available;
    • 5.conduct an immediate LEADS inquiry of the UN/NA number and relay hazard information to the member(s) on the scene.
  • B.OEMC will notify:
    • 1.CFD and request assignment of the Hazardous Incident Team.
    • 2.Crime Prevention and Information Center (CPIC).
    • 3.the watch operations lieutenant in the district of occurrence.
    • 4.the Major Accident Investigation Unit whenever the incident involves a traffic crash.
    • 5.the Illinois State Police (ISP) and request assignment of a Hazardous Materials Officer whenever the incident involves a traffic crash on an interstate expressway system.
      NOTE:
      The ISP is authorized by the Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) to enforce state violations of the Illinois Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (430 ILCS 700-1 et. seq.) and federal violations of the Hazardous Materials Transportation Regulations (49 CFR 100-180 et. seq.).
    • 6.the Marine Unit whenever the incident is maritime related.
  • C.Whenever the incident involves suspected criminal activity or a hazardous material classified as explosive, OEMC will notify:
    • 1.the Bomb Squad,
    • 2.the SWAT team/SWAT WMD personnel,
    • 3.the Arson Section,
    • 4.the Deputy Chief, Special Functions Division,
    • 5.the Illinois Emergency Management Agency (IEMA), and
    • 6.the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
  • D.In order to ensure accountability of members assigned to a haz-mat incident , OEMC will check-off released members individually rather than en masse.
VII.Chicago Fire Department Responsibilities
  • A.The Chicago Fire Department is the lead agency and has the ultimate responsibility in a hazardous materials incident .
  • B.The ranking on-site CFD supervisor will exercise overall command of the incident when the incident does not involve an active human-caused hazard or an active criminal threat. The ranking on-site CFD supervisor will:
    • 1.further ISOLATE and define the inner perimeter (hot-zone). The inner perimeter is the geographic area considered immediately dangerous to life and health due to a toxic atmosphere or the potential for adverse reactions. Only trained and properly equipped Fire Department personnel will operate within this area. Department explosives technicians are permitted to enter the inner perimeter.
    • 2.IDENTIFY the hazardous material product.
    • 3.redefine the outer perimeter (cold zone).
    • 4.MITIGATE the incident.
    • 5.determine whether to further EVACUATE.
      • a.Evacuation operations within the inner and outer perimeter will be the primary responsibility of the Fire Department, whose personnel have specialized protective equipment.
      • b.Orders to further evacuate a geographic area will ONLY BE GIVEN BY THE RANKING ON-SITE CFD SUPERVISOR.
      • c.Department members will assist in evacuation operations when the ranking on-site CFD supervisor has determined that such actions will not jeopardize the health and safety of Department members.
      • d.The Incident Commander will upgrade the existing Immediate Emergency Plan or initiate a plan if one has not yet been declared in order to ensure adequate manpower to protect evacuated property.
    • 6.respond to all inquiries from the news media. Department members will direct news media representatives to the ranking on-site CFD supervisor.
    • 7.when necessary, NOTIFY the appropriate agencies (e.g., Federal Aviation Administration, United States Coast Guard, Illinois Commerce Commission).
    • 8.TERMINATE the incident after the emergency situation has been neutralized.
VIII.Reporting Procedures
  • A. A case report will be prepared for all bona fide hazardous materials incidents . In the event no other case report is applicable:
    • 1.for incidents involving either a suspected criminal act or a hazardous materials license violation, the:
      • a.primary classification will be "Other Offense."
      • b.secondary classification will be "Hazardous Materials Violation."
      • c.IUCR code will be "501H."
    • 2.for incidents that are non-criminal in nature, the:
      • a.primary classification will be "Non-Criminal."
      • b.secondary classification will be "Hazardous Materials Incident."
      • c.IUCR code will be "5006."
  • B.The case report will include:
    • 1.the name and numerical identifier of the ranking on-site CFD supervisor.
    • 2.the name and star numbers of all Department members on the scene of the incident.
    • 3.the names of the injured, the respective treating hospitals, if any, and the transporting unit and agency.
    • 4.the names and agencies of non-Departmental support personnel notified by OEMC and non-Departmental support personnel arriving on the scene.
    • 5.the name, UN/NA number and classification of the hazardous materials involved if determined.
  • C.Reporting members will provide the associated record division (RD) number to the ranking on-site CFD supervisor for bona fide haz-mat incidents .
  • D.Reporting members will select the Education and Training Division in the "Additional Copy" field of the case report for all haz-mat related reports.
IX.Investigatory Responsibilities
  • A.The Department will have the follow-up investigatory responsibility for all investigations of hazardous material incidents involving traffic crashes and criminal activity, unless relieved by the appropriate state or federal agency.
    • 1.The Major Accident Investigation Unit will respond to all bona fide traffic crashes involving hazardous materials except for those occurring upon the interstate expressway system and will conduct their investigation once the scene has been declared safe by the ranking on-site CFD supervisor.
    • 2.The Bomb Squad and SWAT will respond to all bona fide hazardous materials incidents involving material classified as an explosive or suspected as criminal activity.
    • 3.The Arson Section will be assigned follow-up investigatory responsibility for all suspected criminal hazardous materials incidents (e.g., intentional release, etc.).
  • B.The Fire Department will retain investigative responsibility for non-criminal and non-traffic-related incidents.
X.Post Exposure Procedures
  • A.Department Members
    • 1.Members who have been exposed to a hazardous material will notify their immediate supervisor at the incident.
    • 2.The supervisor will:
      • a.notify the Incident Commander , and
      • b.ensure that an Injury on Duty (IOD) Report is prepared in accordance with the Department directive entitled "Sworn Medical Roll—Injury on Duty Status."
    • 3.The Incident Commander will notify the ranking on-site CFD supervisor of the exposure.
    • 4.Contaminated members will not be transported from the scene prior to decontamination by the Fire Department.
    • 5.The Commanding Officer, Medical Section, upon receipt of the IOD report, will ensure that:
      • a.a medical examination is conducted that will include a medical and work history with special emphasis on symptoms related to the exposure to hazardous substances and fitness for duty.
      • b.the member has been provided with a copy of a signed written opinion from the attending physician containing the following:
        • (1)the physician's opinion as to whether the member has any detected medical conditions that would place the member at increased risk of health impairment and the physician's recommendations for treatment.
        • (2)the physician's recommended limitations upon the members assigned.
        • (3)the results of the medical examination and tests if requested by the member.
        • (4)a statement that the member has been informed by the physician of the results of the medical examination and any medical conditions that require further examination or treatment.
  • B.Department Vehicles and Equipment
    • 1.Members will notify their supervisor at the incident whenever a vehicle or equipment is contaminated.
    • 2.The supervisor will:
      • a.notify the Incident Commander , and
      • b.complete an automated Department Vehicle Accident or Damage Report as appropriate.
    • 3.The Incident Commander will notify the ranking on-site CFD supervisor of the contamination.
    • 4.Members will refrain from moving contaminated vehicles or equipment prior to decontamination.
XI.Facility Reporting Requirements
  • A.Facilities that produce, use, or store hazardous materials will posses a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each hazardous material. The MSDS describes the dangers and risks associated with the specific hazardous material.
  • B.The MSDS is available for review by:
    • 1.an agent from the Illinois Emergency Management Agency;
    • 2.a sworn member;
    • 3.a Fire Department official.
  • C.The owner or operator of the facility is required by "The Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know-Act of 1986" to prepare and file an emergency contingency plan with respect to emergencies associated with hazardous materials. The Chicago Fire Department will:
    • 1.receive the emergency contingency plans. Members will direct inquiries regarding such plans to the Chicago Fire Department.
    • 2.have authority to conduct on-site inspections of facilities.
(Items indicated by italic/double underline were added or revised)
Eddie T. Johnson
Superintendent of Police
18-065 RCL
GLOSSARY TERMS:
1. -
An incident involving exposure or potential exposure to any substance that, due to its nature or condition, poses or may pose an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or the environment, commonly referred to as a haz-mat incident. The CFD designates three classifications for all haz-mat incidents:
  • A.LEVEL I — The minimum initial response by the CFD's Hazardous Incident Team to any suspected or potential haz-mat incident. The primary focus is to investigate and/or mitigate incidents involving materials with minor potential impact.
  • B.LEVEL II — A confirmed incident involving a larger quantity of material with a moderate or high potential impact; or an incident which requires protective clothing; or an incident which requires evacuation of the surrounding area.
  • C.LEVEL III — An extensive incident that may require additional manpower, more resources than are normally deployed with the CFD Hazardous Incident Team Task Force, and/or involve an expanded evacuation area.
2. -
Responsible for the overall response to the incident, including the use of resources, development of strategies, and incident operations.
  • A.(Immediate Emergency Plan) The highest ranking Bureau of Patrol supervisor responsible for the implementation of the immediate emergency plan from the district in which the emergency occurs unless relieved by a higher-ranking on-site Department member responsible for the overall response of the incident.
  • B.(Active Shooter Incident) The on-site Department member in overall command of the incident who is responsible for the implementation of the Active Shooter Incident Plan.
  • C.(Critical/Haz-Mat Incident) The highest-ranking on-site Department member responsible for the Chicago Police Department's overall response to a critical incident/haz-mat.
3. -
A secure position where the incident commander directs the operation.
  • A.(Hazardous Material Incident [Haz-Mat]) A secure position outside the restricted area from which the highest ranking on-scene Department member directs police operations, generally adjacent to the Chicago Fire Department (CFD) Command Van. The Street Deputy or above may authorize the use of the Department's Mobile Command Van when deemed appropriate and available.
4. -
  • A.(SWAT/Critical Incidents) A secure location where all responding units will report for briefing, assignment, and equipment and a location designated for use as a stand-by location for personnel not actually committed to responsibilities at the incident. The manager , whose primary function is to provide intelligence and direction to responding units, is designated by the incident commander.
  • B.(Hazardous Material Incident (Haz-Mat)) A location designated for use as a stand-by location for personnel not actually committed to responsibilities at the incident.
5. -
  • A.(Crime Scene) The area of a crime scene extending large enough for field personnel to conduct a thorough investigation. This area will be secured with yellow crime scene barrier tape. The outer perimeter will encompass the inner perimeter.
  • B.(General/SWAT Incident) A peripheral control area surrounding the inner perimeter, providing a safe zone for access to the inner perimeter as well as defining the limit of access by unauthorized persons.
6. -
  • A.(Crime Scene) The immediate area within the outer perimeter of a crime scene where evidentiary material is likely to be collected. This area will be secured with red crime scene barrier tape, imprinted with the legend "DO NOT ENTER" or "DANGER — DO NOT ENTER."
  • B.(General Incident) The immediate area of containment as designated by the incident commander.
  • C.(Special Weapons and Tactics [SWAT] Incidents) The immediate area of containment as designated by the incident commander. This area is initially manned by responding beat personnel until relieved by members of the Containment Team.