Chicago Police DepartmentSpecial Order S09-11
Subject Assessment and Information Dashboard (SAID)
Issue Date:09 January 2019Effective Date:09 January 2019
Rescinds:14 July 2016 Version
Index Category:Information Management
I.Purpose
This directive:
  • A.discontinues the Strategic Subject List (SSL) Dashboard.
  • B.introduces and describes:
    • 1.the Subject Assessment and Information Dashboard (SAID) .
    • 2.the Crime and Victimization Risk Model (CVRM) , as a component of the SAID .
II.General Information
  • A.The Chicago Police Department, in partnership with the Illinois Institute of Technology, has received U.S. Department of Justice grant funding and developed various mathematical techniques to analyze crime, including methods for crime mapping, forecasting, and risk modeling.
  • B.The Subject Assessment and Information Dashboard (SAID) is an assessment tool that incorporates numerous sources of information, including the CVRM , to help generate a full depiction of an individual to assist in identifying a need for early intervention through the Custom Notification Program. The SAID facilitates strategies designed to guide the decision-making process for potential intervention and is used to document the results of intervention efforts.
  • C.Placement on the SAID is not a factor for consideration of reasonable suspicion or probable cause and an individual's risk tier, generated by the CVRM , will not be included on any case or arrest reporting documentation.
  • D.Department members may use the SAID as an investigative resource.
III.Crime and Victimization Risk Model
The Crime and Victimization Risk Model (CVRM) :
  • A.is a statistical model accessible through the SAID that estimates an individual's risk of becoming a victim or possible offender in a shooting or homicide in the next 18 months based on risk factors in a person's recent criminal or victimization history.
  • B.is only used as a research-based informational tool, along with other pieces of data, to help prioritize outreach to at-risk individuals as part of the Custom Notification Program. At-risk individuals are identified by experts based on a holistic view of available information that is indicative of risk.
  • C.analyzes victim and arrest attributes from an individual's history to determine a risk tier. The six subject attributes (by order of importance) are:
    • 1.victim of a shooting incident,
    • 2.age during latest arrest,
    • 3.victim of an aggravated battery or assault,
    • 4.trend in criminal activity,
    • 5.arrests for unlawful use of a weapon (UUW), and
    • 6.arrests for violent offenses.
    NOTE:
    The risk tiers are generated from the CVRM and do not use any information about where a person lives, race, or gender; only the pattern of victimization and criminal activity based on the six subject attributes are used to establish risk tiers.
  • D.employs a weighting system which ranks recent criminal and/or victimization incidents as a higher risk than earlier incident's in an individual's timeline.
  • E.assigns a risk tier from "very low" to "very high" with higher-risk tiers representing greater risk for future involvement, as either a victim or an offender, with a shooting or homicide.
    NOTE:
    Risk tiers are validated retrospectively by analyzing historical data and computing performance metrics to prove and optimize accuracy.
  • F.is one piece of information considered by the Custom Notification Program that identifies potential criminal actors and victims associated with the continuum of violence.
    NOTE:
    The custom notification process is predicated upon national research that concluded certain actions and associations within an individual's environment are a precursor to certain outcomes should the individual decide to or continue to engage in criminal behavior. Opportunities for seeking assistance will also be provided during the notification. However, it is ultimately the decision of the individual to choose not to engage in criminal activity.
IV.Technological Use of the Subject Assessment and Information Dashboard
  • A.The SAID can be found on the Wire intranet home page. Department members can proceed to the Wire intranet home page and select "Dashboards" to access the SAID .
  • B.After login to the SAID , by default, the user is on the SAID — Search Results screen where all the individuals with a CVRM risk estimate are shown and placed in descending order of risk tier.
  • C.The SAID shows individuals who have been identified as most at risk in a given district. The CVRM analysis and input from district commanders, the Deployment Operations Section, and other Department members will help determine which individuals should be considered most at risk. District commanders will:
    • 1.have the final determination which individuals will be considered the most at risk from their district. District commanders will ensure a quarterly review of the most at-risk individuals is completed and that the model is updated accordingly with the Deployment Operations Section.
    • 2.ensure that NO individual identified as a district or area "person of interest" will be identified by Department members as a most at-risk individual.
  • D.Members selecting the "Subject Details" icon to the right of an individual in the results section will reveal the following detailed information:
    • 1.Subject Tab: displays demographic and identification information, as well as details regarding criminal warrants, investigative alerts, parole, most-recent weapon offense, narcotics arrest, and domestic violence arrest record;
    • 2.Risk Estimate Tab: displays a detailed explanation via charts of how the given individual's risk estimate was calculated;
    • 3.Gang Tab: provides detailed information regarding gang membership from records held in the gang audit, DOC gang conflict, and gang arrest card databases;
    • 4.Persona Tab: displays information of verified social media/nicknames used by the individual, when available;
    • 5.POI Tab: displays locations where the individual is a person of interest;
    • 6.TRAP Tab: if the individual has been identified as Targeted Repeat-Offender and Apprehension and Prosecution (TRAP) eligible, details regarding the unit identifying the individual and the date added to the TRAP list are displayed here;
    • 7.CVRM Tab: if the individual has been identified as most at risk via analysis and human review, details regarding the unit identifying the individual and the date added will be displayed here;
    • 8.Intervention Tab: if the individual has been the recipient of intervention activities (custom notification , call-in, etc.), details regarding the intervention activity will be listed here;
    • 9.Activity: this section will display a list of the individual's arrest history by type, description of arrest, district of arrest, and date of occurrence;
    • 10.Timeline Tab: this section will display a detailed, interactive record of the individual's contact with police, including arrests, being listed as a victim/offender in case reports, IDOC status, and Investigatory Stop Reports; and
    • 11.Profile Tab: this section will list the individual's demographic and identification information, gang affiliation, investigative alerts, arrest history, known associates, Investigatory Stop Reports, traffic convictions, interventions, Administrative Notice of Ordinance Violation (ANOV) citations, and analyst's notes in one report.
  • E.ISD will be responsible for the maintenance of the SAID database.
V.Program Evaluation
  • A.The RAND Corporation is the evaluation partner with the Department for the grant and will actively monitor the progress and efficiency of the program.
  • B.RAND continues to thoroughly investigate the framework and accuracy of the CVRM , the methodology of the program, and the program impact.
Authenticated by: KC
Eddie T. Johnson
Superintendent of Police
T18-015 RCL
GLOSSARY TERMS:
1. -
An assessment tool that incorporates numerous sources of information, including the CVRM, to help generate a full depiction of an individual to assist in identifying a need for early intervention. The SAID facilitates strategies designed to guide the decision-making process for potential intervention and is used to document the results of intervention efforts.
2. -
A statistical model built into the SAID that estimates an individual's risk of becoming a victim or a possible offender in a shooting or homicide in the next 18 months based on risk factors in a person's recent criminal or victimization history. The CVRM is only used as a research-based informational tool, along with other pieces of data, to help prioritize outreach to at-risk individuals as part of the Custom Notification Program. At-risk individuals are identified by experts based on a holistic view of available information that is indicative of risk.
3. -
A process that identifies potential criminal actors and victims associated with the continuum of violence. Once identified, the individuals are notified of the consequences that may result if he or she should engage in criminal conduct, and is connected to opportunities for assistance should he or she desire to take steps to improve their life. The custom notification is predicated upon national research concluding that certain actions and associations within an individual’s environment are a precursor to certain outcomes should the individual decide to or continue to engage in criminal behavior. The custom notification will include a description of both federal and state sentencing options where applicable, as well as identification of the potential for seized assets and other consequences as appropriate.