Chicago Police DepartmentDepartment Notice D20-08
Reporting the Response to Crowds, Protests, and Civil Disturbances
Issue Date:02 November 2020Effective Date:02 November 2020
Rescinds:27 August 2020 Version of S03-22
Index Category:Department Notice
I.Purpose
This directive:
  • A.outlines the reporting requirements for the Department's deployment and response to crowds, protests, and civil disturbances.
  • B.continues the:
NOTE:
The Department has determined extraordinary circumstances demand an immediate revision or clarification to this policy. The Department will work collaboratively with the Independent Monitoring Team (IMT) and the Office of the Attorney General (OAG) to review and modify the procedures and responsibilities established by this directive, as appropriate. While this review is being conducted and until a revised directive is published, the procedures established by this directive remain in effect.
II.Definitions
For the purpose of this directive, the following definitions apply:
  • A.Squad – a group of Department members, typically up to ten police officers, led by a sergeant or above and deployed together to an assignment, location, incident, or specific mission. The actions and responses of a squad are coordinated efforts directed by the respective squad leader, consistent with the strategies designated by the incident commander.
  • B.Platoon – a group of squads, typically up to six squads, led by a lieutenant or above and deployed together to an assignment, location, incident, or specific mission. The actions and responses of a platoon are coordinated efforts directed by the respective platoon leader, consistent with the strategies designated by the incident commander.
  • C.Officer line formation – the formation of a squad or multiple squads into a line or lines that act as a static human barrier or can be mobile to move, channel, or disperse a crowd.
III.General Information
  • A.The Department's response plan to crowds, protests, and civil disturbances will be consistent with the standardized National Incident Management System (NIMS), including the development of an Incident Action Plan (IAP) and the designation of an incident commander.
    • 1.Department members will familiarize themselves with the Incident Action Plan identified in the published Special Event Notice that outlines the event information and delineates Department member tour of duty requirements, assignments, and deployment responsibilities.
    • 2.The incident commander has overall authority and responsibility to direct the Department's operations in response to crowds, protests, or civil disturbances, including the use of resources, development of strategies, and incident operations.
  • B.Any physical response to crowds, protests, or civil disturbances by Department members, individually or as part of a group or formation, will be objectively reasonable, necessary, and proportional consistent with the Department's Use of Force policy.
IV.Reporting Requirements
  • A.Squad leaders will complete and submit a copy of an ICS-211 Incident Check-In (CPD-11.301) form to their designated platoon leader at the mobilization point, prior to their squad's deployment. The ICS-211 Incident Check-In (CPD-11.301) form will contain the assigned Department members' information including name, star number, employee number, regular unit of assignment, and deployment assignment.
    REMINDER:
    Supervisors will complete their ICS-211 Incident Check-In form (CPD-11.301) at the beginning of their tour of duty, prior to being activated to a deployment location, incident, or specific assignment.
  • B.Platoon leaders will:
    • 1.ensure that each supervisor under their command completes and submits a copy of an ICS-211 Incident Check-In (CPD-11.301) form.
    • 2.complete an ICS-211 Incident Check-In (CPD-11.301) form indicating:
      • a.each supervisor under their command, their squad assignments, and deployment information.
      • b.the designation of the assignment or responsibility of squads or individual members (e.g., transport, enforcement, relief) of the platoon.
    • 3.forward a copy of their ICS-211 Incident Check-In form and copies of the ICS-211 Incident Check-In forms submitted by supervisors under their command to the incident commander prior to their deployment.
  • C.During incidents involving crowds, protests, or civil disturbances, when Department members formed into squads physically respond to a crowd's actions or inactions in response to verbal directions, the squad supervisor will document the squad's actions on the Incident Response (CPD-11.302) form. The completed report will include:
    • 1.the location of the incident.
    • 2.the approximate time of the incident.
    • 3.the approximate size of the crowd on scene.
    • 4.the approximate number of subjects involved in the incident.
    • 5.the approximate number of squads assigned to the incident.
    • 6.whether verbal warnings were given to the crowd, including the number of warnings and the content.
    • 7.whether the Department members were wearing body worn cameras.
    • 8.whether the assigned supervisor or another supervisor directed the response during the incidents involving a crowd, protest, or civil disturbance.
    • 9.whether any injuries to subjects were observed.
    • 10.any observed crowd actions.
    • 11.any squad responses and de-escalation efforts, including verbal direction and tactical positioning.
    • 12.a narrative of the incident, describing with specificity any additional circumstances leading to or subjects’ actions necessitating response, the specific squad response (including force mitigation efforts), injuries observed, and any medical attention requested or provided.
  • D.In addition to the supervisor's completion of the Incident Response form and consistent with the existing Department policy outlined in the Department directive titled "Incidents Requiring the Completion of a Tactical Response Report," the completion of a Tactical Response Report (TRR) (CPD-11.377) by the involved Department member is still required under the following circumstances:
    • 1.when a Department member becomes involved in an individual reportable use of force incident with a subject during a crowd, protest, or civil disturbance response, which goes beyond the directed actions of the group.
      NOTE:
      When circumstances allow, Department members will seek direction from their squad or platoon leader for a determination on the proper documentation of the incident.
    • 2.any direct mechanical strike directed at an individual subject, such as a punch or kick.
    • 3.any baton use as an impact weapon directed at an individual subject. Consistent with the existing Department policy outlined in the Department directive titled "Baton Use Incidents":
      • a.batons are authorized force options against an assailant as an impact weapon.
      • b.although batons are considered less-lethal weapons, they can cause serious injury or death. Members will not use batons to intentionally strike a subject in the head or neck except when deadly force is justified.
      • c.when a member's baton use is a reportable use of force, the initial use of a baton and each subsequent use of a baton must be individually justified and documented on the Tactical Response Report (TRR) as a separate use of force.
    • 4.any deployment of OC Spray. Consistent with the existing Department policy outlined in the Department directive titled "Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) Devices And Other Chemical Agent Use Incidents":
      • a.the deployment of Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) or a chemical agent against non-compliant groups, crowds, or an individual taking part in a group or crowd by a team designated by the incident commander will be documented on a TRR completed by each deploying member.
      • b.the deploying member will indicate on the TRR by indicating "multiple unknown subjects" when being deployed for ground saturation in response to a crowd incident.
    • 5.any Taser or impact munition discharge.
    • 6.any firearm discharge or other application of deadly force, including the intentional striking of a subject’s head or neck with an impact weapon.
      REMINDER:
      Department members are reminded that an intentional striking of a subject's head or neck with an impact weapon is considered deadly force in accordance with the Department directive titled "Use of Force."
    • 7.any assault, battery, or injury to a Department member.
      • a.Department member injuries will be documented on an Injury on Duty Report consistent with the Department directive titled "Sworn Medical Roll-Injury on Duty Status."
      • b.When a Department member is the victim of assault or battery by multiple unknown subjects, the member will indicate "multiple unknown subjects" on the TRR.
      • c.If only to record an officer assault or battery with multiple unknown subjects, the Squad supervisor may allow the involved member to complete the TRR before the end of their next scheduled tour of duty.
  • E.If a reportable use of force incident occurs, Department members involved in the reportable use of force will respond consistent with the existing Department policy outlined in the Department directive titled "Incidents Requiring the Completion of a Tactical Response Report" by:
    • 1.immediately notifying the Office of Emergency Management and Communications (OEMC) that he or she has been involved in a reportable use of force incident. OEMC will:
      • a.immediately notify the involved member's immediate supervisor and the watch operations lieutenant of the district of occurrence.
      • b.assign a field supervisor from the district of occurrence to respond to the scene when the involved member has discharged any weapon, an injury has occurred to a subject, bystander, or any member, or any other Level 2 or Level 3 reportable use of force incident.
    • 2.completing a Tactical Response Report as soon as practicable, but before the end of their tour of duty articulating the specific facts to explain the member's own decision to employ a particular use of force and the reasonableness, necessity, and proportionality of the force used.
  • F.All reportable use of force incidents will be investigated consistent with the existing Department policy outlined in the Department directive titled "Incidents Requiring the Completion of a Tactical Response Report."
    • 1.A designated member the rank of lieutenant or above will investigate all reportable use of force incidents.
      • a.A designated member of exempt-rank will review and investigate a member's use of force that results in a potential life-threatening injury or death of any individual.
      • b.When necessary and appropriate, the incident commander may designate alternate investigating Department members the rank of lieutenant or above from outside the district of occurrence.
    • 2.The investigating supervisor will determine if the member's use of force requires a notification to the Civilian Office of Police Accountability (COPA) to obtain a complaint log (CL) number. A notification to COPA is required for all incidents involving:
      • a.the use of deadly force,
      • b.the discharge of a firearm,
      • c.the discharge of a Taser,
      • d.the discharge of Oleoresin Capsicum (OC) devices,
      • e.the use of excessive force or an allegation of excessive force,
      • f.the death or potential life-threatening injury to a member of the public that resulted directly from an action or intentional omission of a Department member, and
      • g.uses of force that may violate the law or Department policy.
  • G.When a Tactical Response Report has been completed or a subject has been taken into custody, the squad supervisor will ensure the Central Booking (CB) or Records Division (RD) numbers of the related incident are documented on the ICS-211 Incident Response (CPD-11.302) form.
  • H.Platoon leaders will ensure all ICS-211 Incident Check-In (CPD-11.301) forms, with end times included, and all ICS-211 Incident Response (CPD-11.302) forms documenting their platoon’s response to a crowd, protest, or civil disturbance are submitted to the incident commander by the end of their tour of duty.
  • I.At the conclusion of the event, the incident commander will ensure the ICS-211 Incident Check-In (CPD-11.301) forms and ICS-211 Incident Response (CPD-11.302) forms are properly completed and:
    • 1.the originals are forwarded to the Special Events Section via the Police Document Section and emailed to special.events@chicagopolice.org.
    • 2.emailed to the Force Review Division at force.review@chicagopolice.org within 48 hours of the date of occurrence.
  • J.Incident commanders will ensure that an After Action Review (AAR) is completed consistent with NIMS principles to improve Department response to future incidents. AARs will be forwarded to the First Deputy Superintendent and the Deputy Chief, Training and Support Group.
    • 1.Platoon leaders that identify a deficiency or recommendation to be considered in the After Action Review will complete a Special Event Evaluation Report (CPD-11.466).
    • 2.Any supervisor assigned to the event may complete a Special Event Evaluation Report (CPD-11.466) documenting any observations, evaluation, or recommendations to improve Department response to future incidents.
  • K.Department supervisors who are made aware of a "doxing" incident or other threats against Department members will ensure that the appropriate reporting and security measures are taken, including, when necessary, the procedures delineated in the Department directive titled "Protection of Department Members."
David O. Brown
Superintendent of Police
20-078 MWK/JJR/TSS