Chicago Police DepartmentSpecial Order S06-06
Mass Arrest Procedures
Issue Date:27 September 2018Effective Date:27 September 2018
Rescinds:08 May 2012 Version
Index Category:Processing Persons
I.PURPOSE
This directive:
  • A.classifies mass arrest incidents.
  • B.assigns responsibility for declaring incident levels and making the required notifications.
  • C.specifies locations and procedures for transporting and processing persons arrested.
  • D.prescribes special procedures applicable in mass arrest incidents.
  • F.satisfies CALEA Law Enforcement Standard Chapter 72.
II.CLASSIFICATION OF MASS ARREST INCIDENTS
  • A.Arrestees who are transported to a district station for booking prior to a mass arrest "declaration" will be processed at the district in accordance with Department directive entitled “Processing Persons Under Department Control.”
  • B.When declaring a mass arrest incident, the Incident Commander or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol, as appropriate, will consider the following factors:
    • 1.the probable charges to be placed against the arrestees;
    • 2.the total number of arrestees or potential arrestees;
    • 3.the capacity of the detention facilities;
    • 4.the physical condition, sex, and age of the arrestees; and
    • 5.the nature of the situation and circumstances surrounding the mass arrest incident.
      NOTE:
      The station supervisor of the designated detention facility will ensure that appropriate security is established for the interior and exterior of the detention facility.
  • C.Classification levels of mass arrest incidents
    • 1.Level One – multiple arrests where a continued police presence is necessary to ensure public safety. Arrestees will be transported to and processed at the district of arrest. The Incident Commander or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol will identify resources within the district of occurrence, utilizing tactical team personnel and the Incident Control Teams from other districts, as needed.
    • 2.Level Two – Arrestees are taken to the appropriate area detention facility or central detention, as determined by the Incident Commander or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol, until the number of arrestees has reached the facility’s emergency arrestee capacity. During a mass arrest incident, arrestees will be transported to and processed at the designated detention facility.
    • 3.Level Three – The number of arrestees exceeds the Level Two capacities or incidents of mass arrests are occurring in several locations of the city. Utilization of the criminal courts facility and/or other designated detention facilities will be determined by the First Deputy Superintendent; the Chief, Bureau of Patrol; or the on-duty Street Deputy.
III.RESPONSIBILITIES AND PROCEDURES
  • A.Spontaneous Events
    • 1.The ranking Bureau of Patrol supervisor or the Incident Commander at the scene will assess the situation and determine if a mass arrest incident will be declared. If declared, the Incident Commander will immediately;
      • a.establish a command post;
      • b.notify the OEMC dispatcher and the Crime Prevention and Information Center (CPIC) of the incident;
      • c.ensure the mass arrest kits are brought to the scene;
      • d.request sufficient personnel to ensure the safety of the Department members, the public, and the arrestees;
      • e.assign a sergeant to oversee the processing of arrestees on-scene prior to transport; and
      • f.ensure one event number and one RD number are obtained to be used for all incidents that do not require a follow-up investigation.
        NOTE:
        Supplementary Reports using the same RD number will be prepared for related incidents which are distinct from the original event in time or place.
    • 2.Upon receipt of this notification, CPIC will inform the:
      • a.watch operations lieutenant of the district of occurrence;
      • b.appropriate district commander;
      • c.the on-duty Street Deputy;
      • d.appropriate area detention facility watch operations lieutenant; and
      • e.additional Department members following the declaration of a Level 2 or Level 3 mass arrest, the:
        • (1)Superintendent of Police;
        • (2)First Deputy Superintendent;
        • (3)Chief, Bureau of Patrol;
        • (4)Chief, Bureau of Detectives;
        • (5)Chief, Bureau of Internal Affairs;
        • (6)Chief, Bureau of Organized Crime;
        • (7)Chief, Bureau of Organizational Development;
        • (8)Chief, Bureau of Technical Services;
        • (9)appropriate area deputy chief, Bureau of Patrol;
        • (10)Deputy Chief, Special Functions Division;
        • (11)appropriate area commander, Bureau of Detectives;
        • (12)Director, Office of Communications;
        • (13)Commanding Officer, General Support Division;
        • (14)Commanding Officer, Court Section;
        • (15)Director, Records Division;
        • (16)Commander, Forensic Services Division;
        • (17)General Counsel to the Superintendent.
      • f.following support agencies as deemed necessary by the circumstances of the incident, the:
        • (1)Cook County Sheriff's Office;
        • (2)Office of the Chief Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County;
        • (3)Cook County State’s Attorney Office;
        • (4)Department of Law;
        • (5)Circuit Court Clerk's Office of Cook County.
  • B.Preplanned Events
    • 1.The Incident Commander or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol has authority to call for the implementation of mass arrest procedures when deemed appropriate. To the extent possible, procedures for mass arrest incidents will be predetermined in writing, in the Operational Order entitled “Incident Action Plan.”
    • 2.The Incident Commander or Chief, Bureau of Patrol, may amend the following aspects of this directive as dictated by the circumstances of the event:
      • a.Notifications, as outlined in Item III-A-2-e of this directive.
      • b.Involvement of other agencies, as outlined in Item III-A-2-f of this directive.
      • c.Processing locations as delineated in Item II-C of this directive.
    • 3.Upon declaration of a mass arrest incident, an RD number will be determined and generated by the Incident Commander or the highest-ranking member on-scene from the Bureau of Patrol.
      NOTE:
      For each declared mass arrest incident an RD number will be generated.
IV.CASE REPORTING RESPONSIBILITIES
  • A.The Incident Commander or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol will designate one member to generate the case report associated with the event/RD number. This case report will contain the following information for all incidents related to the event, which do not require additional follow up investigation:
    • 1.Date and time of occurrence;
    • 2.Location of occurrence;
    • 3.Identifying information for persons arrested or issued an Administrative Notice of Ordinance Violation citation;
    • 4.Any other information as directed by the Incident Commander, or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol.
      NOTE:
      Supplementary Reports using the same RD number will be prepared for related incidents which are distinct from the original event in time or place.
  • B.Station supervisors in the district of detention of a mass arrest event will ensure that the proper RD number is recorded on all documents submitted for review.
    • 1.Incidents not requiring follow up investigation will be recorded under the designated RD number.
    • 2.Incidents that require follow up investigation (e.g., aggravated battery to a police officer, any felony offense) or any offense involving a citizen complainant will be recorded under an additional RD number obtained for that specific offense, in accordance with the Incident Reporting Guide (CPD-63.451). This report will cross-reference the RD number designated for the Mass Arrest Incident.
      NOTE:
      Arresting officers will return to the processing/detention facility for all follow-up investigations after a mass arrest incident is suspended.
V.ASSIGNMENT OF ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL
Upon notification from CPIC of a Level 2 or Level 3 mass arrest event, the:
  • A.Chief, Bureau of Detectives, will assign a sufficient number of arrest processing teams to each designated processing/detention facility. Each team will consist of one supervisor and four detectives. Assigned members will report to the designated supervisor in charge of the arrestee processing teams.
  • B.Commander, Forensic Services Division, will assign a sufficient number of evidence technicians to the arrest scene for photographing arrestees prior to transportation.
  • C.Chief, Bureau of Organized Crime, will assign a videographer to report to the on-scene Incident Commander for assignment.
  • D.Chief, Bureau of Patrol, may decrease or increase the use of Department personnel needed from other bureaus.
VI.PROCESSING ARRESTEES ON SCENE
  • A.Arresting officers will:
    • 1.identify probable cause for the individual being arrested.
      NOTE:
      Normally, no single arresting officer will arrest more than fifteen persons in a mass arrest situation; the arrest team supervisor may make an exception should circumstances warrant. An OEMC event number will be obtained to document this exception.
    • 2.escort each arrestee to the transporting vehicle and complete a Mass Arrest Card for each arrestee and annotate their star number.
      NOTE:
      If circumstances do not allow for the immediate completion of a Mass Arrest Card, arresting officers will use a black felt tip marking pen to print legibly their star number on the inside of the arrestee's forearm along with an understandable word abbreviation of the arrestee's offense (e.g. Looting-LOT, Battery-BATT, Mob Action-MOBACT, Criminal Damage to Property-CDTP).
    • 3.retain the hard copy of the Mass Arrest Card.
    • 4.give the original Mass Arrest Card to transporting personnel.
    • 5.turn the arrestee over to transporting personnel.
    • 6.return to their duty assignment until relieved by the Incident Commander.
    • 7.proceed to the designated processing facility for completion of arrestee processing upon release by or as directed by the Incident Commander or designee.
      NOTE:
      Arresting officers are NOT relieved from the processing facility until relieved by the processing team supervisor.
  • B.The on-scene arrest processing supervisor will ensure that a Mass Arrest Card is completed for all arrestees unless exigent circumstances preclude same.
  • C.Evidence technicians assigned to the scene of mass arrest incident, will:
    • 1.complete a Photo Identification Card (CPD-33.715) and record the Mass Arrest Card sequential number on the placard.
    • 2.photograph all arrestees with the Photo Identification Card prior to transporting the arrestee.
  • D.Transporting officers will:
    • 1.accept custody of all arrestees.
    • 2.conduct a custodial search for contraband and weapons.
    • 3.place the sequential number labels on both copies of the Mass Arrest Card and handcuffs.
      NOTE:
      The numbered labels associate the individual arresting officer to each arrestee and the arrestee's property until a Central Booking (CB) number is obtained.
    • 4.secure any electronic communications devices and any contraband or other items of evidentiary value into the property bag.
    • 5.safeguard arrestee property by bagging and placing the label with the sequential number on the bag and annotating the arrestee's name on the bag.
    • 6.transport arrestee to the designated processing/detention site.
  • E.One security officer, designated by the arrest processing supervisor, will maintain a log containing the name of each arrestee, transporting officer, transporting vehicle, and the date and time of transportation.
VII.PROCESSING ARRESTEES AT DETENTION FACILITY
Upon the arrestee's arrival at the processing/detention facility:
  • A.the processing officers will:
    • 1.identify each arrestee by matching the Mass Arrest Card sequential number to the number on the arrestee's forearm or handcuffs and if appropriate, the label on the property bag.
    • 2.determine the proper charge(s).
    • 3.complete the Arrest Report in accordance with the Department directive entitled "CLEAR Automated Arrest System."
      NOTE:
      Processing officer(s) will NOT input their name on the arrest report as the arresting officer. The processing officer will be the attesting officer.
    • 4.sign the complaints with the arresting officer's name along with processing officer's initials and star number. If the Incident Commander or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol has designated a member to sign complaints, that member will complete and sign complaints for all arrestees for which they have personal knowledge of the circumstances substantiating probable cause for arrest.
      EXCEPTION:
      Processing officers will not sign complaints for instances requiring follow-up investigations or any offense involving a citizen complainant as delineated in Item IV-B-2 of this directive.
    • 5.present the completed Arrest Report, the corresponding Mass Arrest Card, and related documents to the watch operations lieutenant in charge of the detention facility for approval of probable cause.
      NOTE:
      The station supervisor will ensure the Mass Arrest Card is attached the "Court Copy" Arrest Report and forwarded to the appropriate court with the required court documents.
    • 6.if appropriate, cite the arrestee with an Administrative Notice of Ordinance Violation (ANOV) citation at the processing/detention site, in accordance with the Department directive entitled “Municipal Administrative Hearings.”
      NOTE:
      If an ANOV was issued, Department members will attach the Mass Arrest Card to the "Department of Administrative Hearing Copy."
  • B.the booking member will:
VIII.SPECIAL PROCEDURES
  • A.The Mass Arrest Card will be used to record, in a mass arrest incident, all reportable uses of force concerning resisters unless otherwise indicated in Item VIII-C of this directive.
  • B.The use of OC or a chemical agent by a team consisting of personnel designated by the Incident Commander or the highest-ranking on-scene member of the Bureau of Patrol, will document the factors which led to the need for the dispersal on the Mass Arrest Card and generate a To-From-Subject report:
    • 1.identifying the date, time, and location of each dispersal;
    • 2.indicating the factors which led to the need for the dispersal;
    • 3.documenting the Department member approving use, when applicable; and
    • 4.the results of each use.
    NOTE:
    The team supervisor will generate this report once for each tour of duty and will record all instances of OC or chemical agent dispersal during that tour.
  • C.Uses of force which occur during a mass arrest incident involving an assailant, all weapons discharge incidents, canine use incidents, Long Range Acoustic Device (LRAD) use, or if a person is injured, alleges injury, or dies will continue to follow all documentation and review procedures outlined in the Department directives entitled “Use of Force” and "Officer-Involved Death Investigations," as appropriate. Department members will document these types of incidents on a Tactical Response Report (CPD-11.377) consistent with the Department directive entitled "Incidents Requiring the Completion of a Tactical Response Report."
    NOTE:
    For instances that utilize OC/chemical agents or a LRAD for crowd dispersal efforts, the completion of one Tactical Response Report (CPD-11.377) by each deploying member will be required for each instance.
IX.ARRESTS BY NATIONAL GUARD
  • A.A National Guard member who makes an arrest in the company of a sworn member will turn the arrestee over to the on-scene Chicago Police Department personnel for processing in accordance with Item VI of this directive. National Guard members will be listed as witnesses unless the National Guard Member is determined to be the victim associated with the arrestee.
  • B.Department members will document all identifying information of the National Guard member(s) (e.g., name, rank, unit address, and telephone number), as well as any force used during the arrest on the mass arrest card, arrest report, and any other applicable report.
  • C.When arrests involving a National Guard member(s) require a follow-up investigation as delineated in Item IV-B-2 of this directive, the involved National Guard personnel will return to the processing/detention facility for arrestee processing and criminal charging after the mass arrest incident is suspended.
  • D.When a National Guard member makes an arrest alone, the following procedures will apply:
    • 1.The Incident Commander, or designee will determine the appropriate charges to be placed.
    • 2.The National Guard member will, when possible, accompany the police officers transporting the arrestee to the appropriate detention facility. In incidents where the National Guard member is not immediately available, the member will proceed to the appropriate detention facility as soon as practicable. The National Guard member will provide information to the detectives and/or police officers concerning the circumstances which led to the arrest; furnish identification data (name, rank, unit address, and telephone number); and sign the appropriate court complaint form.
X.ARRESTS MADE BY OTHER LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES
  • A.Arrests made by other law enforcement agencies will be handed over to Department personnel for processing in accordance with Item VI of this directive. Officers from outside agencies will be listed as witnesses unless the officer is determined to be the victim associated with the arrestee.
  • B.Department members will document all identifying information of outside law enforcement agency personnel (e.g., name, rank, star number, unit address, and telephone number), as well as any force used during the arrest on the mass arrest card, arrest report, and any other applicable report.
  • C.When arrests involving other law enforcement agencies require a follow-up investigation as delineated in Item IV-B-2 of this directive, the involved outside law enforcement personnel will return to the processing/detention facility for arrestee processing and criminal charging after the mass arrest incident is suspended.
XI.BONDING PROCEDURES
  • A.Arrestees charged with a felony will be taken before a judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County at the location to be established by the court for the purpose of resolving any preliminary matters and setting bail.
  • B.Arrestees charged with a misdemeanor or a quasi-criminal offense will be bonded in accordance with the Department directive entitled “Bond Procedures.”
  • C.All juveniles arrested during a mass arrest incident, when the charges are not to be adjusted at the detention facility, will be transported to the Circuit Court of Cook County, Juvenile Division, or other court facility as dictated by the presiding judge, for the purpose of holding detention hearings.
XII.DETENTION FACILITY LOCATIONS AND MAXIMUM EMERGENCY CAPACITIES
  • A.The detention facility station supervisor will be responsible for notifying CPIC when the facility is approaching its emergency arrestee capacity.
  • B.In addition to Department facilities, the Cook County Sheriff's lock-up facilities adjoining area detention facilities may be utilized upon direction from the First Deputy Superintendent.
  • C.Maximum Emergency Capacities of Detention Facilities
    • 1.1718 South State Street
      • a.Maximum Male Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 720
      • b.Maximum Female Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 320
    • 2.5101 South Wentworth Avenue
      • a.Maximum Male Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 225
      • b.Maximum Female Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 100
    • 3.727 East 111th Street
      • a.Maximum Male Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 335
      • b.Maximum Female Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 145
    • 4.2452 West Belmont Avenue
      • a.Maximum Male Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 230
      • b.Maximum Female Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 120
    • 5.3151 West Harrison Street
      • a.Maximum Male Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 160
      • b.Maximum Female Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 120
    • 6.5555 West Grand Avenue
      • a.Maximum Male Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 340
      • b.Maximum Female Prisoner Emergency Capacity: 120
XIII.POTENTIAL COST RECOVERY INCIDENTS – CITY OF CHICAGO
Department members who are assigned as the preliminary investigative officers or follow-up investigative members will recommend events for consideration as a personnel, equipment, or damage to property cost recovery incident consistent with Department directives entitled “Potential Cost Recovery Incidents – City of Chicago.”
(Items indicated by italics/double underline have been added or revised)
Authenticated by: KC
Eddie T. Johnson
Superintendent of Police
18-080 RCL