Chicago Police DepartmentSpecial Order S05-14
Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Program
Issue Date:29 February 2012Effective Date:29 February 2012
Rescinds:Version dated 21 May 2010; S10-06
Index Category:Extraordinary Responses
I.Purpose
This directive establishes the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Program.
II.Policy
The Chicago Police Department recognizes the correlation between mental health and crime and is committed to the dignified treatment and safety of arrestees and other persons requiring assistance from the Department to obtain mental health evaluation, treatment, or hospitalization.
III.General Information
  • A.Mental illness is a mental or emotional disorder that substantially impairs a person's thought, perception of reality, emotional process, judgment, behavior, or ability to cope with the ordinary demands of life, but does not include a developmental disability, dementia, or Alzheimer's disease absent psychosis, a substance abuse disorder, or an abnormality manifested only by repeated criminal or otherwise antisocial conduct (405 ILCS 5/1 -129).
  • B.The Chicago Police Department seeks to reduce the incidence and severity of mental-health-related crime in our communities through a coordinated partnership involving law enforcement, mental health service providers, prosecutors, courts, and the community. The Chicago Police Department advocates early intervention for individuals at risk.
  • C.Department members will treat mental health incidents in the same professional manner as all other requests for police service and will provide immediate, effective assistance and protection.
  • D.The CIT Program will operate citywide and on all watches based on the availability of on-duty CIT trained members.
IV.Responsibilities
  • A.The CIT Program will be commanded by a coordinator who is responsible for the overall management of the program and will:
    • 1.ensure the submitted Mental Health - Crisis Intervention Reports are compiled and retained, and the appropriate data is collected and maintained to support and memorialize the effectiveness of the program.
    • 2.collaborate in the development of CIT training curricula on mental health issues and district-level response to mental health-related incidents.
    • 3.develop and manage the response protocol for the Critical Response Unit (CRU).
  • B.The CIT Program is charged with improving the Department’s response to mental-health-related incidents and facilitating and coordinating law-enforcement services provided to the mental health community by:
    • 1.developing a comprehensive, uniform intervention strategy and maintaining coordination with other City, criminal justice, and community-based agencies, advocacy groups, educational and research institutions, and members of the community coping with mental health issues.
    • 2.collaborating in the development of the CIT training curricula and materials, both within the Department and for other City agencies or service providers, and participating as instructors for Department training of in-service and recruit members on mental health issues and district-level response to mental-health-related incidents.
    • 3.engaging as a Critical Response Unit (CRU), for identified mental health emergencies requiring a high level of law-enforcement-related mental health intervention expertise and competence. This engagement is specifically intended to provide CIT-trained Department personnel to assist with mental-health-related incidents:
      • a.as determined by a Department exempt commanding officer,
      • b.as determined by the Incident Commander at the scene of an incident (e.g., SWAT) with a mental health factor, or
      • c.at the request of district personnel, community-based service providers, or other governmental agencies.
        NOTE:
        If an identified mental health emergency requires response from the CRU, OEMC will notify the CIT Program Coordinator and/or Operational Manager via the Crime Prevention and Information Center (CPIC). The CIT Program Coordinator and/or Operational Manager will determine the degree of response and subsequent resources provided by the CRU to assist with the incident.
    • 4.providing streaming videos and periodic roll call training for district personnel on Department policy and other matters relating to mental heath issues.
    • 5.disseminating information about available mental-heath-related resources and services to officers and the community to facilitate problem solving for mental health issues and to assist in making appropriate referrals for members of the community.
    • 6.informing and, when necessary, consulting with CIT-trained members on recurring mental health issues or problems at the district level.
    • 7.supporting Bureau of Detectives area follow-up investigations involving individuals in need of mental health treatment.
    • 8.attending periodic training to remain informed of changes in criminal statutes, Department policy, and other mental health-related issues.
    • 9.coordinating forensic mental health crisis response and emergency intervention service between service providers and district CIT-trained members.
    • 10.other duties as identified by the exempt commanding officer responsible for the program.
(Items indicated by italics/double underline were revised or added.)
Authenticated by: JKH
Garry F. McCarthy
Superintendent of Police
09-134/12-003 EGV/mwk/TRH