Chicago Police DepartmentGeneral Order G10-01
Gang Violence Reduction Strategy
Issue Date:21 February 2014Effective Date:21 February 2014
Rescinds:16 October 2013 Version
Index Category:Gang and Narcotic Abatement
I.Purpose
This directive:
  • A.establishes the Chicago Police Department Gang Violence Reduction Strategy (GVRS) to combat gang-related murders, shootings, and general violence related to gang activity.
  • B.continues the:
    • 1.Chicago Police Department Gang Audit.
    • 2.CLEAR Arrestee Debriefing Module.
    • 3.CLEAR Firearm (CAGE) Report.
  • C.delineates specific duties and responsibilities for Department members in the implementation of GVRS.
II.Gang Violence Reduction Strategy
The Department GVRS:
  • A.is comprised of multiple components: information gathering, analysis, dissemination of intelligence, linking of gangs to their factions, social network mapping, and a variety of mission-specific operations focused on targeted gang members and their associates.
  • B.actively promotes inter-bureau efforts to work in a concerted manner to develop information and intelligence to combat gang violence and violent crime.
  • C.establishes the expectation that the intelligence collected and disseminated will be utilized to proactively prevent escalating gang violence and associated retaliations.
III.Principles of the Gang Violence Reduction Strategy
  • A.The Department's commitment to professionalism, obligation, leadership, integrity, courage, and excellence has driven many meaningful public safety achievements.  The Chicago Police Department conducts training and establishes procedures consistent with the concept of Legitimacy and Procedural Justice, with the goal of strengthening our relationship with the community and ultimately improving officer safety and efficiency. The concept of Legitimacy and Procedural Justice consists of the following four principles:
    • 1.Giving others a voice (listening);
    • 2.Neutrality in decision making;
    • 3.Respectful treatment; and
    • 4.Trustworthiness.
  • B.By fostering an environment where procedural justice principles become standard practice, the Department can create an organizational culture that fosters a true partnership with the public and leads to safer and more prosperous communities.
IV.Technological Components of GVRS
  • A.Gang Audit
    • 1.The cornerstone of the Gang Violence Reduction Strategy is the Gang Audit. The Gang Audit is designed to gather the following intelligence from each district: gang name, gang faction name, territorial borders, faction size, alliances, conflicts, organizational level, and propensity for violence. The Gang Audit is the foundation of gang intelligence in each district and will be regularly reviewed and updated.
    • 2.District commanders are responsible for the performance of a Gang Audit in their respective districts at least once a year, but more if necessary, according to the procedures described in the Department directive entitled "Gang Audits."
  • B.Link Analysis
    The link analysis is based on the concept of two degrees of separation: The associates of a shooting victim will be linked, and then their associates will also be linked. These associates, along with ballistics evidence, will be linked to other shootings and murders. A visual aid will be created that can be used to determine the best deployment of Department resources to prevent retaliatory violence.
  • C.The District Intelligence Bulletin (DIBS)
    • 1.DIBS reports, produced by the PSIT for each district, contain gang intelligence that is specific to each district.
    • 2.DIBS reports are accessible on the Department intranet and on portable data terminals (PDTs).
  • D.Major Incident Notification (MIN) application
    • 1.The MIN application provides a short description of major incidents and is available to all Department members.
    • 2.The MIN application is available after logging into CLEAR Applications.
V.Prosecutorial Considerations
The following programs will be used to combat gang violence and aid in the prosecution of violent gang members:
  • A.The Gang Intervention Probation Program (GIPP)
    • 1.Consistent with the Department directive entitled "Gang Intervention Probation Program," the GIPP is a collaborative effort of the Department, the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office (CCSAO), and the Cook County Adult Probation Department.
    • 2.The GIPP deters individuals placed in the program from criminal gang activity using conditions of probation. Gang members that are convicted of felonies and sentenced to probation will also be sentenced to gang probation.
    • 3.District commanders will ensure that a list of gang members that are enrolled in the GIPP program is disseminated to district personnel.
    • 4.Enforcement action will be taken against gang members that violate their gang probation as follows:
      • a.mandatory curfew hours;
      • b.residency requirement;
      • c.prohibition against associating with gang members; and
      • d.proscription against participating in gang activity.
  • B.The Targeted Repeat Offender Apprehension and Prosecution (TRAP) Program
    • 1.TRAP offenders are identified as either triple-threat or quadruple-threat offenders.
      • a.Triple-threat offenders meet the following criteria:
        • (1)arrested for a UUW,
        • (2)convicted of a felony, and
        • (3)the victim of a shooting.
      • b.Quadruple-threat offenders meet the following criteria:
        • (1)arrested for a UUW,
        • (2)convicted of a felony,
        • (3)the victim of a shooting, and
        • (4)paroled.
    • 2.The TRAP Program, developed with the cooperation of the Cook County State's Attorney's Office, allows the Department and the State's Attorney's Office to work together to identify repeat offenders with a high propensity toward violent, gang-related crime.
  • C. The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act
    The Department is committed to collaborating with the Cook County State's Attorney's Office and the United State's Attorney's Office for prosecutions that fall within the purview of the RICO Act.
  • D.Instant Update Unit, Records Division
    The Instant Update Unit will review all rap sheets and identify arrestees that are on parole, probation, have pending felony charges, or out on bond for misdemeanor charges that have not been adjudicated.
VI.Focused Deterrence
  • A.The Department’s focused deterrence approach is based on the finding that a significant percentage of violent incidents is closely associated with groups of high-rate repeat offenders.
  • B.Focused deterrence involves a partnership between law enforcement officials, social service providers, and community members.
  • C.The goal of focused deterrence is to change the behavior of both individual groups and the local network of groups.
  • D.Focused deterrence proceeds as follows:
    • 1.Violent groups, the individuals within those groups, and the relationship between the groups are identified.
    • 2.“Call-in” sessions with representatives of the groups are convened to deliver a focused deterrence message to the group.
      NOTE:
      Individuals on probation or under parole supervision can be legally mandated to attend call-in sessions.
      • a.The general message conveyed is “We will help you if you will let us, but we will stop you if you make us.” There will be a clear message that the group will be dismantled if they do not comply.
      • b.Additional messages are designed so that group members perceive they have a face-saving exit from a violent lifestyle if they so choose.
    • 3.During the call-in sessions, a clear and consistent message of nonviolence is delivered by law enforcement officials, social service providers, and community members.
      • a.Law enforcement personnel will inform group members of focused scrutiny on violent incidents. The next violent incident will result in swift, targeted enforcement—using any legal means available—of the entire group that is affiliated with the individual responsible for the violence. Only the offender will be held accountable for the violent incident itself, but any and all criminal activities of other group members (such as probation and parole violations, drug dealing, open cases, and warrants) will receive increased scrutiny by law enforcement personnel.
      • b.Social service providers will present alternatives to violence by offering job referrals as well as educational and social services to those individuals who want them.
      • c.Community members will demand an end to the violence, articulating the damage it produces and invalidating any excuses for the violent behavior.
    • 4.Following the first law enforcement action focused on a violent group, the call-in session will be reconvened.
  • E.The success of focused deterrence rests on the relentless delivery of the promises made during the call-in sessions.
    • 1.Law enforcement personnel will respond swiftly to subsequent violent incidents and intelligence is organized to aid in this effort.
    • 2.Social service providers will meet the individualized needs of those who choose to transition to a life of nonviolence and intake processes are streamlined to facilitate this process.
    • 3.Community members will continue to deliver the message of nonviolence subsequent to the call-in, presenting a united front with law enforcement personnel.
VII.Proactively Policing Gang Factions
District commanders will:
  • A.identify and prioritize the gang factions within their districts with the highest propensity for violence.
  • B.ensure the prioritized list of gang factions is distributed to all beat officers, tactical teams, and area saturation teams within their districts.
  • C.coordinate deployment strategies with the tactical and saturation team supervisors based on the prioritized list.
  • D.ensure district tactical and saturation teams continuously focus enforcement activities on the most violent gang factions identified on the list.
  • E.review, select, and update the prioritized list on a continual basis.
VIII.Bureau of Patrol Responsibilities
District commanders will:
  • A.ensure beat assignment integrity is maintained.
    • 1.Beat assignment integrity is defined as a strategy that enables police officers and supervisory personnel to become familiar with crime conditions and issues of concern to the community on their beat or within their sector. This strategy is attained through the consistent assignment of officers and supervisory personnel to regularly assigned beats and sectors.
    • 2.District supervisory personnel have final authority regarding the dispatch of assignments and will monitor all calls and take appropriate action to ensure that the integrity of beat assignments is maintained.
  • B.appoint a member to serve as the district intelligence officer. The responsibilities of the district intelligence officer are described in the Department directive entitled "District Intelligence Officer."
  • C.ensure targeted vehicle enforcement missions are conducted.
    • 1.A goal of targeted vehicle enforcement missions is to reduce gang violence, shootings, and drive-by shootings by enforcing the appropriate statutes and ordinances.
    • 2.Members assigned to a targeted vehicle enforcement mission will focus their efforts on impounding vehicles for the following offenses: a weapon or narcotics in the vehicle, a revoked or suspended driver's license, playing music too loud, possession of spray paint by a minor in the vehicle, possession of an altered handicap permit, displaying a false temporary registration permit, soliciting a prostitute, fireworks in the vehicle, fleeing a police vehicle, and other appropriate ordinances that allows impounding a vehicle.
      NOTE:
      Members will impound vehicles consistent with the Department directive entitled “Impoundment of Vehicles for Municipal Code Violations.
    • 3.Additional targeted vehicle enforcement will include conducting seat belt missions, red light missions, school safety zone missions, license plate reader enforcement, moving violation enforcement, and the issuance of parking citations.
  • D.ensure the Gang Intervention Probation Program (GIPP) is used to combat gang violence consistent with Item V-A of this directive.
  • E.ensure the Targeted Repeat-Offender Apprehension and Prosecution (TRAP) Program is used to combat gang violence consistent with Item V-B of this directive.
  • F.ensure that I-Bonds are NOT issued for verified gang members that are charged with jailable offenses, consistent with the Department directives entitled "Bond Procedures" and "Court Call Schedule."
    • 1.The following criteria will be used to determine criminal street gang membership:
      • a.The individual's admission to membership;
      • b.The wearing of distinctive emblems, tattoos, or similar markings indicative of a specific street gang;
        NOTE:
        Membership in a gang will not be established solely because an individual is wearing clothes available for sale to the general public.
      • c.The use of signals or symbols distinctive of a specific criminal street gang; and/or
      • d.The identification of the individual as a member of a specific street gang through any database or information contained in the CLEAR system.
    • 2.An individual's gang-membership status and the criteria used to determine membership in a gang must be documented in the Arrest Report and a CLEAR Gang Arrest Card must be completed.
  • G.consult with the Commander, Narcotics Division, relative to the use of a Narcotics Division Team as a support source within the district. After the successful completion of a street corner conspiracy mission, district commanders will:
    • 1.deploy resources to prevent violent street gangs from reestablishing their presence at
      that location.
    • 2.utilize city service requests to ensure the location receives "360 degrees" of city
      services.
    NOTE:
    The Commander, Narcotics Division, will ensure each district is assigned a Narcotics Division Team.
  • H.ensure the following procedures are followed for all “shots fired” calls:
    • 1.The assigned unit immediately responds to the call and determines if the call is bona fide. If bona fide:
      • a.make every effort to determine where the shots fired originated from;
      • b.conduct a canvass and interview citizens at or near the location to gather information;
      • c.utilize “shot-spotter’’ technology when applicable;
      • d.send a flash message of all available information, including offender descriptions, vehicle information, gang affiliation, and intended targets.
      • e.request assistance from tactical teams when appropriate.
    • 2.Supervisors assigned to field duties will make every effort to respond to bona fide calls of shots fired and assist in information gathering.
  • I.ensure tactical teams are not assigned outside of the district unless exigent circumstances exist or approval has been obtained by the Superintendent or the First Deputy Superintendent.
  • J.ensure arresting officers:
    • 1.enter every arrestee's information into the search function of the CLEAR Gang Arrest Card application and document the results in the narrative portion of the Arrest Report.
    • 2.complete the automated Arrestee Debriefing Module for every arrestee.
      EXCEPTION:
      Bureau of Patrol members will not complete the automated Arrestee Debriefing Module when the arrestee is charged with any of the following: Murder, Shooting, Robbery, Arson, Justifiable Homicide, or Criminal Sexual Assault. The appropriate Bureau of Detectives personnel will conduct the follow-up investigation and complete the debriefing of the arrestee.
    • 3.when inventorying a firearm for a UUW violation, complete a CLEAR Firearm (CAGE) Report.
      NOTE:
      The Firearm (CAGE) Report cannot be completed until the firearm inventory is approved by a supervisor. Once approved, the supervisor will instruct the inventorying officer to complete the report.
IX.Immediate Post-Shooting Procedures
  • A.Upon being assigned to a shooting, the first sworn Department member (regardless of rank) arriving on the scene will:
    • 1.verify that a person has been shot.
    • 2.immediately issue a flash message transmitted via radio, providing descriptions or other pertinent information on wanted persons and/or motor vehicles related to this specific shooting.
    • 3.ascertain and immediately notify CPIC of the following:
      • a.The victim's name and date of birth, if known;
      • b.The victim's gang affiliation, if any;
      • c.Any information known of the offender, such as name, gang affiliation, and/or associates;
      • d.Any gang conflicts occurring at or near the location of the shooting; and
      • e.The name and radio call number of the district supervisor assigned to the shooting.
  • B.The assigned Bureau of Patrol field supervisor will:
    • 1.ensure that the Department members remaining on-scene are only those with assigned duties.
    • 2.ensure notification to the Crime Prevention and Information Center (CPIC) of any information and request a gang profile is completed for the victim, offender, associates, and location.
      NOTE:
      The gang profile will include gang affiliation, arrests, associates, contact cards, known conflicts, and possible retaliation information.
    • 3.upon receipt of the gang profile, consult with tactical team supervisors or, if unavailable, other district field supervisors to form a plan to prevent immediate retaliation for the shooting.
    • 4.notify the Gang Enforcement Division via CPIC.
  • C.The beat officer assigned the original shooting will document in a General Offense Case Report the actions taken by district officers and who was assigned to conduct the follow-up Gang Violence Reduction Strategy. If the shooting does not appear to be gang related, the officer assigned to the shooting will indicate the following in the narrative of the case report: "Based on the facts available at this time, this incident does not appear to be gang related."
  • D.The officers assigned to conduct the follow-up Gang Violence Reduction Strategy will submit an Information Report outlining the information gathered on a possible retaliation and what steps were taken to prevent the retaliation by the end of their tours of duty.
    NOTE:
    At the discretion of the station supervisor, the plan may be carried over and assigned to on-coming watch/tactical personnel if the information gathered warrants further investigation. Each officer/tactical team assigned to conduct a follow up investigation regarding a gang-related shooting will submit an Information Report documenting the actions taken to prevent retaliation.
  • E.When the shooting occurs during the duty hours and in the geographical location where GED is assigned, members of the Gang Enforcement Division will:
    • 1.respond to the scene of the shooting and assist district personnel in their investigation;
    • 2.determine the most likely locations for retaliatory violence;
    • 3.proceed to the determined location and conduct all necessary GVRS enforcement;
    • 4.seek out witnesses and interview victims; and
    • 5.respond to area hospitals and interview victims and other witnesses.
  • F.The Office of Emergency Management and Communications (OEMC) will:
    • 1.maintain continual communication with the on-scene assigned field supervisor.
    • 2.provide, via portable data terminal (PDT), the gang-related shooting information to any and all field units likely to be affected by retaliatory violence.
  • G.CPIC will complete a gang profile and:
    • 1.forward the gang profile to the district station supervisor via Department e-mail.
      NOTE:
      Immediately upon receipt, the station supervisor will ensure the appropriate field supervisor receives the gang profile.
    • 2.notify the station supervisor that the gang profile has been sent.
      NOTE:
      Gang profiles will also be sent to the appropriate BOP, BOD, and BOC deputy chiefs, all appropriate supervisors assigned to the BOD area(s), and all appropriate supervisors assigned to the GED and GID.
    • 3.relay all relevant victim information, gang affiliation, and gang rival information via PDT to the affected OEMC radio zone dispatcher(s).
    • 4.conduct a post-shooting link analysis and forward it to the affected districts and the Gang Enforcement Division.
X.Bureau of Organized Crime Responsibilities
  • A.Office of the Chief
    The Chief, Bureau of Organized Crime, will ensure bureau members collaborate with the Cook County State's Attorney's Office and the United States Attorney's Office in the charging and prosection of RICO Act violators, consistent with Item V-C of this directive.
  • B.Narcotics Division
    • 1.The Commander, Narcotics Division, will ensure the following programs are used to combat gang violence:
      • a.Street corner conspiracy missions
        A street corner conspiracy mission is a collaborative effort between Narcotics Division officers and the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office targeting violent criminal street gangs who are operating open-air drug markets or are otherwise involved in violent criminal activity.
      • b.Narcotics-associated violence interdiction missions (NAVIMS)
      • c.Search warrant missions
      • d.Buy-bust operations
        NOTE:
        In consultation with district commanders, the Narcotics Division Team will be used to conduct buy-bust operations in locations with violent gang conflicts.
      • e.Covert surveillance
      • f.Long-term investigations.
    • 2.The Commander, Narcotics Division, will coordinate and confer with district commanders to identify gang-related open air drug markets and ensure that the appropriate enforcement initiatives are implemented.
    • 3.Once a narcotics issue has been addressed, district commanders will ensure that a specific, comprehensive strategy is in place to prevent such issues from re-occurring at those designated locations.
    • 4. The Narcotics Division supervisor assigned to a specific district will confer with district personnel in order to discuss and evaluate narcotics-related issues affecting that district. The Narcotics Division supervisor will then coordinate with the Narcotics Division commanding officer for the affected area in order to ensure that the appropriate response is implemented.
  • C.The Gang Enforcement Division
    The Commander, Gang Enforcement Division, will ensure the following programs are used to combat gang violence:
    • 1.Gang School Safety Teams (GSST)
      • a.The GSST is a collaborative effort comprised of Department Gang Enforcement Division officers, Chicago Public School officials, and Cook County Juvenile Probation. The goal of GSST is to prevent gang crime through proactive measures and the suppression of gang violence through the implementation of communicative and conflict resolution strategies.
      • b.After an incident of school-related gang violence, GSST officers conduct interventions with the involved students in the presence of a parent or school representative. During these meetings the officers and students discuss some of the negative consequences of gang membership: death, prison, and/ or catastrophic injury.
      • c.Whenever GSST officers conduct an intervention in response to school-related gang violence, they will additionally monitor social media outlets with the goal of garnering real-time gang intelligence and preventing retaliatory gang-related violence. If GSST officers gather critical gang intelligence, they will:
        • (1)notify the CPIC for distribution to the district commander whose area is affected by the intelligence.
          NOTE:
          The district commander, with the support of the area deputy chief, will ensure proper resources are deployed to prevent any retaliatory gang-related violence.
        • (2)if the nature of the gang intelligence requires immediacy, broadcast the intelligence over the appropriate radio zones.
    • 2.Parolee Compliance Checks
      Consistent with the Department directive entitled "Parole Compliance Program," GED officers partner with BOP officers to support the Illinois Department of Corrections parolee compliance checks (home visits) and conduct surveillance on gang-involved parolees and recent parolees that are high-profile and high-ranking gang members.
    • 3.Gang Missions
      The Gang Enforcement Division conducts aggressive patrol and violence suppression missions in areas where gang conflicts exist.
    • 4.Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative (CAGI)
      The Gang Enforcement Division, in collaboration with the United State’s Attorney’s Office and the Illinois Department of Corrections, focuses enforcement action on recent parolees associated with violent street gangs.
    • 5.Joint Missions
      The Gang Enforcement Division regularly conducts joint missions with outside agencies, including the Illinois State Police, Illinois Department of Corrections, United States Marshals Service, and local law enforcement agencies to target offenders wanted for gang- related offenses.
    • 6.Retaliatory Violence Associated with Gang Funerals
      Gang Enforcement Division officers will partner with Gang Investigations Division officers to cover high-risk, gang-related funerals that involve active gang investigations, high-ranking gang leaders, or present a high probability of retaliation.
      NOTE:
      Uniformed district officers will be assigned to pay special attention to the funeral homes and churches conducting the funeral services as well as the immediate areas.
  • D.Gang Investigations Division
    The Gang Investigations Division conducts complex mid- and long-term investigations targeting hierarchal criminal gang organizations and gang leaders. Additionally, the division coordinates gang-related murder investigations with the appropriate Bureau of Detectives area personnel.

    The Commander, Gang Investigations Division, will ensure the following programs are used to combat gang violence:
    • 1.Chicago Anti-Gun Enforcement (CAGE) Teams
      CAGE Teams will:
      • a.provide assistance upon recovery of firearms associated with murders and shootings, conducting investigations of the firearm recovered and providing any information to the investigative authority.
      • b.review and respond appropriately to all Arrestee Debriefing Modules involving recovered firearms received from CPIC.
    • 2.Federal Task Forces
      Members assigned to federal task forces (such as the FBI or ATF) will ascertain if there is any information from confidential sources related to murders and shootings which may be of assistance in determining the parties involved; make inquiries relative to retaliation and disseminate this information to CPIC; and target areas with a high level of violence associated with gangs.
    • 3.Gang Member Identification
      Members will coordinate with area detectives, the Bureau of Patrol, and the Gang Enforcement Division, providing intelligence and technical support to assist in identifying the catalyst for the violence; target gang members with a high propensity for violence; and initiate investigations into gang members suspected to be the catalyst for re-occurring gang violence.
    • 4.Liaison with Cook County Jail
      Members assigned to Cook County Jail will assist the Bureau of Detectives, the Bureau of Patrol, and the Bureau of Organized Crime by forwarding actionable intelligence related to shootings and murders attributed to gang violence and providing assistance to outside units in gathering intelligence on violence and information on retaliatory acts of violence, such as arranging interviews with inmates, monitoring inmate phone calls, and providing information on the hierarchies established based on interviews within Cook County Jail.
    • 5.License Investigations Unit
      The License Investigations Unit's primary focus is the investigation of licensed and unlicensed business establishments within the City of Chicago. As part of their mission, they respond to and investigate all violent incidents in or near liquor establishments and other licensed premises and take appropriate enforcement action.
    • 6.Street Prostitution Enforcement
      Street prostitution enforcement teams concentrate on prostitution occurring directly on the street or in establishments such as bars and social clubs. Additionally, while working in high crime areas, they develop intelligence based on information gleaned from debriefing arrested individuals.
XI.Bureau of Detectives Responsibilities
The Chief, Bureau of Detectives, will ensure the following programs are used to combat gang violence:
  • A.The Area Mission and Shooting Teams
    The primary focus of the Area Mission and Shooting Teams is to investigate all firearm-related incidents.
  • B.The Fugitive Apprehension Unit (FAU) and FBI Violent Crime Task Force will follow up on all homicide warrants and investigate alerts with probable cause. The FAU will investigate all aggravated battery investigative alerts with probable cause from the past three years.
  • C.The appropriate Bureau of Detectives personnel will conduct the follow-up investigation and complete the automated Arrestee Debriefing Module of arrestees charged with any of the following: Murder, Shooting, Robbery, Arson, Justifiable Homicide, or Criminal Sexual Assault.
XII.COMPSTAT Component
  • A.CompStat initiatives will be used to measure the impact and effectiveness of gang violence reduction strategies.
  • B.The CompStat process will allow district commanders to identify their gang violence problems, initiate plans to counteract the violence, and provide accountability for their actions in their areas of responsibility.
(Items indicated by italics/double underline have been revised or added)
Garry F. McCarthy
Superintendent of Police
13-038 DK
ADDENDA:
1.G10-01-01 - Gang Audits
2.G10-01-02 - District Intelligence Officer